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Nur Jaqin*

*Jurusan Kebidanan Poltekkes Makassar

 

 

ABSTRACT

 

Anaemia in pregnancy is the most common problem during pregnancy. Anaemia is a condition whrere the number of red blood cells is reduced and or the concentration oh haemoglobine in the cells is reduced, with the result that the oxygen transport throughout the body is also reduced. The condition occured during the second trimester because more iron is required for the extra haemoglobine in the increased blood volume of 45 %, although the red blood cells only increrase by 25 % to meet the need of mother and fetus. The research porpose are to determine the factor is influenced with the anaemia in pregnancy with the contributing factors are food pattern, forbidden  foods  and  iron supplement.  The method of research is longitudinal approach with cross sectional study design. This research was conduct in September 2012.  The data gathering  from 32 pregnant women as the sample. The sample selected from 35 pregnant women who have antenatal care as  the population in Puskesmas Pattopakang Kec Mangarabombang Kab. Takalar .from January to Juni 2012. The  research  result  shown that  from  32 pregnant women  threre were  21 (65 %) have food pattern less than enough,17 (53.1%) have forbidden foods, 23  (71.9%)  take iron supplement irregular with contribute to the anaemic prevalence of 20  (37,5%)  suffering moderate anaemic. Based on Chi-square analysis shown that from p-value 0,003 less than a 0,05 means that there are significant correlation between food-pattern with the anaemic prevalence, from p-value 0,008 less than a 0,05 means that there are significant correlation between forbidden foods with the anaemic prevalence and from p-value 0,003 less than a 0,05 there are significant correlation between irregular iron supplement with the anaemic prevalence.The research conclussion recomended to all health care services especially midwives who are responsible for antenatal sercice more focuses to the service quality instead the number of antenatal care services with specific information base on mother’s and fetus’s needed. So that each pregnant mother understand well on what they have to do and not to do during her pregnancy and those mothers can be prevented from the suffering severe anaemic as a mayor factor to the high maternal mortality as well as infant mortality.

Key word : pregnancy, anaemic,  food pattern, forbidden food, iron supplement, anaemic    prevalence