Muharni, Indriyani, Mangapul Banjarnahor

Department of Nutrition, Health Polytechnic Riau

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BACKGROUND - Childhood obesity is a serious nutrition and health problem nowadays. Food pattern and snacking behavior were some factors affecting obesity in school age children.  They tend to have imbalance calories intake by having behavior of snacking in high calories food which contribute to the incidence of obesity.

 

OBJECTIVE - The objective of this study was to investigate food pattern and snacking behavior among school-agedobesity children.

 

METHOD - This study was a cross sectional study sited at SDN 18 Kampung Baru, Senapelan District, Pekanbaru on January-April 2015.  Thirty school-aged obesity children was found in this government elementary school and became subject of this study.  Food pattern variable were taken using FFQ questionnaire and 48 hours’ food recall in non-consecutive days (1-day week day, 1-day week end).  For food behavior in snacking variable were using structured questionnaire about frequency and reason of snacking, pocket money, type of snacking food and place to buy.

 

RESULTS - The  Results show that, the most frequent food they have been eaten were rice, chicken, tofu, spinach and banana.Some of them had excessive intake in calories, protein, fat and carbohydrate (56.7%, 36,7%, 63,3% and 56,7% respectively) compare to Indonesian RDA 2008.  53.3% children had less than three-time meal frequency per day and 59% had frequency of snacking two-time per day in average.  Reasons of their snacking were due to the good taste and hungry because not having breakfast.  Type of snacking food they consume mostly were nasiuduk and wafer.

 

CONCLUSION - In conclusion, school-aged obesity children eat 3 times and less per day but only some of them had excessive nutrient intake. Most of them had more than 2 times snacking per day on high density calories food.It is necessary to give nutritioneducation regarding the important of breakfast and healthy snacking for children and the parents.