Muh. Ikbal Arif

Department ofEnvironmental Health, Health Polytechnic Makassar



BACKGROUND -Acute Respiratory Infection (ARI) is are spiratory infection caused by micro organisms and lasts up to 14 day sandthe respiratory tract from the nose (top line) to the alveoli (lower line) including network adneksanyalikesinuses, middle ear and pleuralcavity. 


OBJECTIVE -The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship of housing conditions with incidence of ARI in the Village District of Sinrijalaa question Makassar.


METHODS -The research methodused is observation alwithcross sectional approach. The study populationis the entire population of the Districtin the Village Sinrijalaa question of Makassar in 2014 as many as 634 families (4,419 people), a sample of 173 house holds were determined by systematic random sampling is simple random.


RESULTS -Statistical test results obtained density residential (X2hit. =11.855, p=0.001), kamarisasi(X2hit. =8.783, p=0.003), ventilation results (X2hit. =11,855p=0.001) condition of the floor(X2hit. =9.269, p=0.002), temperature(X2hit. =16.090, p=0.000), humidity(X2hit. =12.165, p=0.000).


CONCLUSION -Conclusion there is a relationship between density residential, kamarisasi ventilation, house floor conditions, temperature, humidity, the incidence of ARI. It is recommended to pay attention to the number ofinhabitants ≥ 10 m²/person, maximum of 2 bedroom seach 8 m2, permanent natural ventilation of at least10% of the floor area, the air temperature is between 18-300C, indoor humidity between 40-70%, the condition of the house floor flooring materials not waterproof and do counseling on healthy housing enhanced by relevant agencies and treatment of respiratory tract infections (ARI)